Pollution of air and climate change
Definition: Air pollution means the emission of any impurity into the air, such as smoke (including tobacco smoke), dust, cinders, solid particles, gases, mists, fumes, odours and radioactive substances.
Few facts about air pollution:
- While the pollution by the primary pollutants SO2 and NOx are decreasing, the emmision of CO2 is still increasing.
- In the last 200 years, we have added 2.3 trillion tons of CO2 in our atmosphere. Half of this amount was added in the last 30-35 years.
- Total CO2 emissions from energy consumption will increase by 25% between 2013 and 2030, while every year 13 millions hectares of forest disappear
- The Ozone layer considered crucial for the existence of the ecosystems on the planet is depleting due to increased Air pollution.
Some global facts about the consequences of air polution and climate change:
- Pollutants that are released into the air, as opposed to land and water pollutants, are the most harmful.
- Inhaling air pollution takes away at least 1-2 years of a typical human life.
- By 2050, 6 million people will die per year due to air pollution
- Indoor air pollution is 2-5 times worse than the air outdoors.
- 65% of the deaths in Asia and 25% deaths in India are due to air pollution.
- Climate change kills. In 2005 the WHO estimated that climate change caused by human activity claims directly more than 150,000 lives annually. More recently, the Climate Vulnerability Monitor placed the death toll at around 400,000.
- Economic losses attributed to weather-related natural disasters total $3.2 trillion since 1980.
- People who live near high traffic roads face greater risk of cancer, heart disease, asthma and bronchitis as these places contain more concentrated levels of air pollution.